French Assistance to Exports of Wheat and Wheat Flour

Other titles

France Wheat Exports (Source: GATT Analytical Index)


Third Parties

Products at Issue

Products at issue
Wheat and wheat flour
Type of product
Product sub-type

Related disputes


Key legal aspects

Legal basis
  • GATT Article XXII
  • GATT Article XXIII:2
Claims raised
  • GATT Article XVI:3
Defences raised
  • GATT Article XVI


Type Panel for conciliation
Chairperson Mr. T. Swaminathan (India)
Other members R. Arents (Belgium), F. Gundelach (Denmark), E.C. Boissovain (Netherlands)


Type Panel for conciliation
Legal basis at issue
  • GATT Article XXII
  • GATT Article XXIII:2
Claims at issue
  • GATT Article XVI:3
Defences at issue
  • GATT Article XVI
No of Pages (total / legal reasoning) 15
  • -
  • -
  • Inconsistency found
  • Defence found to be inapplicable


Outcome of the proceedings
Report adopted, mutually agreed solution
Additional Info IC/SR.38 (19/05/1958) Summary Record of Intersessional Committee. Australia informed of consultations since April 1956 and referred the matter to the Committee and proposed the Committee refer it to a Panel.

L/924 (20/11/1958) Report by the Panel for Conciliation: The Panel examined a complaint by Australia that subsidies granted by France on exports of wheat and wheat flour have displaced Australian trade in these products, particularly in Ceylon, Indonesia, and Malaya. The Panel examined whether the operation of the French system involved financial contributions from the government and found that it did result in export subsidies within GATT Article XVI:3, and resulted in more than equitable share of world market inconsistent with GATT Article XVI:3; and that French exports "have in fact to a large extent displaced Australian supplies in the three markets" and thus Australia suffered direct and indirect damage. Draft recommendation of the Contracting Parties recommended France avoid that its system of payments to exporters of wheat and wheat flour operate in a manner to create adverse effects on normal Australian exports. Suggested a revision of the system or consultations with Australia before new contracts with South East Asian markets (Ceylon, Indonesia, Malaya).

SR.13/20 (03/12/1958) CP Thirteenth Session Summary Record of the Twentieth Meeting (21/11/1958) Contracting Parties approved the Recommendation and adopted the Report.

L/1323 (24/10/1960) Notification by France and Australia to Executive Secretary that an agreement was reached on 20/04/1960 on exports of French flour to South East Asia, following the Recommendation of 21/11/1958 (SR.13/20).

L/1548 (14/09/1961) French-Australian Arrangement of 28 July 1961 on Exports of Flour to South East Asia.